Know the difference: HEART ATTACK & CARDIAC ARREST aren’t the same!!

It’s very common with the people using the terms for Heart attack & Cardiac arrest interchangeably. Due to lack of knowledge they often use wrong terms to describe the situation. It’s really important to know the difference both these diseases and would really come handy during emergency situations.

HEART ATTACK

Heart attack  occurs  due to the lack of blood flow to the heart.

What really happens?

An artery gets blocked and prevents oxygen rich blood from reaching a section of the heart.

Symptoms:

  • Intense discomfort in chest or upper parts of the body
  • Short of breath
  • Cold sweating
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Jaw pain (specially in women)
  • Back pain (specially in women)

What needs to be done?

  • React quickly and call the emergency services. Note every second is important.
  • Chew and consume Aspirin (it helps to clear blockage)
  • Make the patient sit comfortably till the emergency services arrive and keep a check on the patient response.
  • The blocked artery has to be reopened quickly before the situation goes out of hand.

CARDIAC ARREST

CARDIAC ARREST  stops heart beating suddenly due to its malfunction.

CARDIAC ARREST is a heart disease, which stops heart beating suddenly due to its electrical malfunction.

What really happens?

It makes the heart beat function irregularly and stops blood from pumping to brain, lungs and other organs.

Symptoms:

Person suffers from short of breath and person stops responding. Lack of quick reaction would lead to sudden death.

What needs to be done?

  • React quickly and call the emergency services. Note every second is important.
  • Provide first aid using CPR technique.
  • At availability use Automatic External Defibrillator. (If you are near by public places like Airports, offices etc., please note many of them might have this facility)
American-heart-association

Credits: American-heart-association

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